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Johan Christian Dahl

Winter by the Sognefjord

Winter by the Sognefjord

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About the original:

Date: February 1827

Other titles: Winter at the Sognefjord (ENG)

Designation: Painting

Material and technique: Oil on canvas

Technique: Oil

Material: Canvas

Dimensions: H 61.9 x W 75.8 x D 2.7 cm

Subject: Visual arts

Classification: 532 - Visual arts

Motif: Landscape

Acquisition: Testamentary gift from Bergljot Skamarken, received 1977

Inventory no.: NG.M.03138

Part of exhibition: Alone with nature. Dahl's and Friedrich's landscapes 1810-40, 2014 - 2015

The dance of life. The collection from antiquity to 1950, 2011 - 2019

Nature's mirror. Nordic landscape painting 1840-1910, 2007

Then Dahl and Munch. Romanticism, realism and symbolism in Norwegian landscape painting, 2001 - 2002

The discovery of the mountain, 2008

Winterland, 1993

Winterland, 1993 - 1994

Nature's mirror. Nordic landscape painting 1840-1910, 2006

Nature's mirror. Nordic landscape painting 1840-1910, 2006 - 2007

A Mirror of Nature. Nordic Landscape Painting 1840-1910, 2007

Registration level: Single object

Owner and collection: The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Visual Art Collections

Photo: Lathion, Jacques

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Johan Christian Dahl

Johan Christian Clausen Dahl was a Norwegian painter and visual artist born on 24 February 1788 and died on 14 October 1857. He is known as the founder of Norway's national art of painting and was the first great interpreter of Norwegian nature and the foremost Norwegian landscape painter of the 19th century. He was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden from 1824, but while living in Germany, he traveled to Norway five times between 1826 and 1850. Among his famous paintings are "From Stalheim" from 1842 and "Bjerk i storm" from 1849. He was also a pioneer in Norwegian cultural heritage protection and the initiator of the founding of the Association for the Preservation of Norwegian Historical Monuments. He made people aware of the importance of the stave churches, which were threatened by decay and demolition. He bought Vang stave church at auction in 1840 in order to have it saved and rebuilt in Slottsparken in Christiania, but this could not be done. He later left the church to the Prussian crown prince, the later King Frederick William 4 of Prussia, who had it transported to the Riesengebirge in Silesia and rebuilt in the town of Brückenberg, now Karpacz-Bierutowice in Poland. Dahl received his first training as a craft and decorative painter with Johan Georg Müller in 1803–1809. From these apprenticeships originates a number of door pieces with city prospectuses, landscapes and figure scenes. He became a student of Christian August Lorentzen at the academy in Copenhagen in 1811. The study trip to Zealand and Møn in 1814 gave him motifs for a number of fresh and well-studied pictures that denote his real breakthrough as a landscape painter. He settled in Dresden in 1818, where he lived for the rest of his life. Dahl was also active in Norwegian cultural life and was eager to establish art associations and supported the newly established university in Christiania.